Positivity in ‘Deferred Action for Early Childhood Arrivals’


August marks the second year that President Obama’s executive memorandum DACA, Deferred Action for Early Childhood Arrivals, has helped immigrant youth reach greater social and economic potential in the United States. In 2012, DACA allowed immigrant youth who lived most of their … Continue reading

Injustice for Potential Refugees reaching the Mexican-American Border

Copyright Nicola "Okin" Frioli" 2014

My heart goes out to the thousands of minors and families coming to the U.S. from Central America in search of safer livelihoods. My parents escaped the turmoil and violence of El Salvador during the horrific Civil War in the 1980s. Today, they … Continue reading

Establishment of “Latino Cultural District” SF California

Juana Alicia; Alto al Fuego/ Ceasefire, 1988

Recently San Francisco’s Mission District was named a “Latino Cultural District” based on the Latino/a melting pot that has historically welcomed people from diverse countries. A SHORT HISTORY Immigration to the Mission District began during the 19th century Gold Rush. The end of the … Continue reading

Soil to Skin Rebecca Burgess’ 150 Mile Wardrobe

Fibershed "Soil to Soil" conceptual model by Rebecca Burgess, 2013

The Fibershed project in Northern California has been extremely motivational for me, especially since it has inspired my Master’s thesis. I have explored fiber farm and mill resources in New York, and received consumer feedback about NY “fibershed” knitwear. (An official “fibershed” has not … Continue reading

Call for support: Jullien Gordon to Speak at alma mater Los Angeles High School


We would like your support to bring an inspiring educational and leadership speaker, Jullien Gordon to our alma mater, Downtown Magnets High School, May 2015. He is a renown speaker that engages with students and budding entrepreneurs nationwide during speaking tours and … Continue reading

Linking Fashion with “People, Planet, Profit” goals


This year I got the great opportunity to work with fellow apparel design and fiber science students in a sustainable fashion project funded by the Environmental Protection Agency under the supervision of Professor Tasha Lewis, Dr. Park, and Dr. Netravali. … Continue reading

[Hood Sociology] Connecting Racism and Imperialsm via Hip Hop

Helen Trejo:

Conscious hip hop- connects racial political history with capitalism + imperialism:

Originally posted on Rebel Researchers Collective:

Hip hop has always been a space where critical topics and concepts are discussed by both the artists and their listeners. For the past few years I’ve followed a Toronto group known as the Freedom Writers.  They are in my opinion one of the best conscious hip hop groups out right now combining a radical critique of the industry and society with a great stage presence and flow (something lacking in a lot of conscious hip-hop music).

Last fall they came out with an album called NOW.  One of the songs on the album is called Arizona Bay. The song is  great example of the strong social critiques that hip hop and other music can create. Take a listen below:

The song combines an analysis of racism, capitalism, and imperialism to show how these systems feed off of each other and that the dynamics that animate the war in Afghanistan is…

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Fiber Artisanry with Local Fibers

Texture color variation of hand spun scarf; Feb 2014

I’m excited to show one of the first knit and crochet accessories I made from 100% hand spun yarns. I previously wrote about the NY fleece origins here and about my process of learning to spin here. I’m glad I had the opportunity … Continue reading

Hyper-sexualization of Adriana Lima

I recently “liked” Adriana Lima’s page in hopes of learning more about her everyday activities in the fashion world and as a fellow Latina. Today I clicked on her page and was surprised to see her timeline cover page that mimics a Dolce & Gabbana “gang rape” ad that was banned  in 2007. The D&G ad portrayed a women with her wrists pinned down to the floor, surrounded by five men.

Even though Adriana Lima’s cover photo isn’t  necessarily suggestive of “gang rape,” it is very sexually explicit and suggests women’s vulnerability as sex objects in a dominatrix, lesbian fantasy scene. Their facial expressions express everything, but happiness or joy. Adriana Lima has an androgynous look, and an animalistic stare suggestive of anger and lust.

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Adriana Lima Facebook page; March 3, 2014

It makes me sad that the fashion industry constantly puts female models in the position of the male gaze, which only makes real women doubt their beauty and sex appeal. Self-esteem and good mental health matter just as much as physical health. How can mainstream media continually provide venues for scenes of sexual violence against women? How can this happen especially when the visibility of sex slavery is increasing worldwide? Based on this, Western society is saying it’s “okay” to exploit women as a fantasy, and in real life because these are real-life successful models. At this rate, women are never going to be considered equal and truly respected in societies throughout the world, especially if female pioneers, like Adriana Lima, are taking pride in photography that connotes sexual exploitation.

During the Victoria’s Secret fashion show, the models are portrayed as “angels” and come off as innocent beauties modeling ‘high fashion’ lingerie to the beat of hip music. They command the attention of celebrities in the front row, and viewers at home with their energetic struts and flirty poses. In the last show, there was an emphasis on the “angels'” social media power and the major following they each have.

They are walking advertisements for Victoria’s Secret everywhere they go. Should Adriana’s cover page be “acceptable” because she carries the Victoria’s Secret brand image and is technically a “lingerie” model? I’m leaning towards a no… In Victoria’s Secret commercials, no men are shown with the female models, and from what I recall, there are no sex scenes among female models. The commercials come off as playful for the most part. I don’t know where the cover page ad was originally run, but it positions Adriana Lima as daring and sexually aggressive in a fantasy role. For regular, female VS lingerie customers, the cover page ad might make them feel uncomfortable by placing pressure on them to live out this fantasy for their male counterparts. For her male audience, the ad makes her more sexually appealing, and reduces her capability to be seen as more than just a sex object. Regular women can lose psychological power in their self-esteem, and men can gain confidence in obtaining a sexual fantasy since it is “O.K.ed” by mainstream society.

Adriana Lima is gorgeous and one of the few Latina models who are household names. She was very public about waiting to have sex until she was married, at age 27. As a leading fashion model, she has major social and cultural power, I would assume she would be capable of rising beyond roles that promote female vulnerability and weakness. Although some people might argue that female sexuality is liberating because women are free to do what they want, a lot of women are also forced and trapped into being sexual objects and promiscuous. Women are trafficked everywhere, they become victims of sexual abuse and are treated like disposable products rather than people. Sexual promiscuity shouldn’t be promoted when so many women are suffering physically and psychologically. Women continue to be regarded as second class citizens and the mainstream promotion of sexual exploitation only perpetuates this injustice.